March 26, 2019

Dear class, here is your writing prompt. It is composed of 3 parts. Each 100 words minimum.

1-What is Orientalism? Please read Edward Saeed’s introduction to Orientalism thoroughly (p.1-37), and then summarize and put it in your own words. Try your best to explain it as clear and objective as possible. (100 minimum)

2-Do you see a connection between “Bodak Yellow’s” video clip and what Said is carefully drawing on the discourse of Orientalism? Or you do not find similarities? In other words, look at “Bodak Yellow” through the lens of Said’s critical view of how the binary system of Orient vs. Occident, dictates the dominant colonial systems of thinking. What is your opinion? (100 minimum)

3-(Optional): Here you can give us an example of Orientalism you have come to observe in daily life, or in the field of art and entertainment. 

In addition, you can read this article which revolves around orientalism in Hip Hop culture and also watch this video, on the history of Orientalism and how it’s translated in Cardi B’s video. 

Orientalism is only one byproduct of this power struggle, there is other phenomena like “cultural appropriation” across cultures which again, perpetuates the status quo power dynamics feeding into stereotypical identities, resulting in dehumanizing, silencing and eradicating the underdogs. 

Deadline March 25 Monday 8pm.

On Tuesday we are going to read said’s article, discuss this and your writings.

Have a great weekend.

https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/2017/08/168749/cardi-b-bodak-yellow-problematic

34 Comments

  1. 1. In Edward Saeed’s introduction to Orientalism, he begins to explain what exactly orientalism is. To summarize, it is to take on the characteristics of a specific Asian culture and its people. These countries include more than just those in East and Southeast Asia. This may be through the use of stereotypes such as the exoticism displayed by Arab cultures. This is just a representation of such cultures but not merely the truth. Edward Saeed fears that there is a sense of distortion and inaccuracy displayed by orientalism. He hopes that through the use of other cultures outside of Asia and the Orient, that discussion arises on the importance of the roles played by Western cultures.
    2. After watching Cardi B’s music video to “Bodak Yellow”, I do see the similarities described by Edward Saeed’s introduction to orientalism. There are scenes within this music video where she is seen riding a camel in the desert, dressed in a traditional headscarf. This music video is portraying the luxurious fantasy often thought of when the Middle East comes to mind. Unfortunately, such as Saeed feared, this is far from reality for most of the oriental countries. In conclusion, Bodak Yellow is a clear example of orientalism.

  2. 1) Orientalism is the oversimplification or stereotypical way of life for someone in an Asian culture viewed through the lens of a first world country or more westernized people such as America and Britain. This view is widely accepted as how it is the normal life for everyone in that culture for the people that are not part of that culture. It can be from materialistic to the thoughts of the people. An example to give is Arabic, where people usually think of extremists, bombings, deserts, lamas, poor living under poor conditions, and exotic people and actions such as belly dancers.
    2) The video Bodak Yellow by Cardi B contains numerous amounts of orientalism. The clothing worn by Cardi B are exotic, colourful, or show off a lot of skin. Contrasting this with the males, the clothing worn by other people are usually white and fully clothed. All of them own, are walking with or riding on camels. There’s a cheetah, of which is very passive in this video. Most of the people walk through a vast amount of deserts or are on roads that contain mostly dirt with semi recently planted trees. There are also weapons such as scimitars.

  3. 1. In Edward Saeed’s Introduction to Orientalism, he discusses what Orientalism means, which is a way in which emphasizes and distorts the differences between the people and the cultures in the “Orient”, also known as the East, and compared to the “Occident”, which is mainly Europe and the United States. It is also an inaccurate representation of the Orient because of its differences and how the “East” is stereotyped in a certain way. Due to imperialism, hegemony, and superiority, the “West” could control it and authorize their own views and perceptions of the “East”.
    2. After watching “Bodak Yellow” again, I realized that I do see Orientalism in the video. Cardi B is wearing a green hijab, has numerous scenes of her in the desert riding a camel, having a cheetah chained, and males wearing a white garment that is worn in the Middle East for specific reasons. I see why Edward Saeed was arguing against Orientalism because for “Bodak Yellow”, Cardi B and her team has these perceptions of the Middle East, thinking that certain things are exotic and extravagant with no understanding of the culture and the traditions behind it. This is example of how people from the West have a different perception of the “East” and because of hegemony, Edward Saeed was trying to dismantle these stereotypes.

    1. Great work Samantha. Another issue to keep on mind is that orient versus occident is as well an arbitrary and made-up concept which mainly and essentially deals with power configurations of the world currently works.

  4. Orientalism is a perception of the lifestyles and societies within the Near East and Middle East. This view, that is often times patronizing, is held mostly by European and American cultures. In his book “Orientalism” Edward Said describes the patronizing brought out by Western cultures as a way to seem more superior than the Orients. The Western cultures have made generalized assumptions about the Eastern cultures which are mostly inaccurate and distorted. Not only culturally ___, Orientalism also has a political agenda with a sense of imperialism coming from those cultures that are not considered Orient.

    Cardi B’s video “Bodak Yellow” is filmed in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. The video displays scenes of Cardi B riding on a camel, petting a (possibly pet) leopard, as well as belly dancers with swords of fire. Her video portrays a lavish lifestyle that is often associated with the Middle East. She’s seen in a club next to someone dressed as a sheikh surrounded by diamonds and plenty of money. The club around them is littered in American dollars, which to me seems like a fantasy of a luxurious lifestyle is being played out for the Westerners, and an example of Orientalism.

  5. (1)According to Edward Said in Orientalism, the definition of Orientalism relates to a whole multitude of interests through the accounts of individual authors related to the identity of those which reside within the confides of both Asia, and parts of the Near East. This identity marker is man-made and is an idea mirroring reality consisting of history, thought, imagery, and vocabulary which reflects it’s geographical position. This Oriental “cultural enterprise” was heavily derived from the 19th century to the end of World War II by France and Britain, while from that time period until now America has dominated the Oriental culture. It is as if the influence of the Occident enables the discourse around what the Oriental is, acknowledging the Oriental with a certain lack of understanding. The mentality which the West utilizes while viewing the Oriental is with a theoretical lens of superiority, reminiscent of the “us” vs. “them” mentality prevalent in the history of European progression. Through this consideration of the affect of the Occident upon viewpoint of Orientalism, it becomes apparent that there is a necessity which arises regarding viewing the Oriental in terms of analysis of the individual and historical authorities.
    (2) Throughout the music video for Bodak Yellow, Cardi B utilizes imagery and grossly minimizing depictions of the culture of Orient, which Mr. Said spoke out against throughout Orientalism. Though Cardi B is probably unaware of the impact her depictions of this culture have, it is abundantly clear the use of the culture as a medium set to her song is negatively influential in the sense that it furthers the blur between reality and sensationalize fabrications. Through this, it is vastly apparent of the binary system of Orient vs. Occident applying to this music video. Cardi B portrays cultural depictions such as the wearing of a hijab with a scarf covering her face, ignoring the significance in which the religious garb holds. She also rides a camel through desert and has a cheetah. The sheer blissful ignorance which is present in relation to the use of these Oriental depictions further exemplifies that which is wrong with viewing the Oriental demographic with lack of understanding and instead trading it off for sensational exoticness. Through these cultural depictions which are not consistent with her own, it is apparent that she is furthering a colonial way of thinking in regards to the misrepresentation of a people, leading to negative implications upon the masses perspective.

    1. In-depth work Brian. Here are some notes and highlights:
      -“multitude of interests through the accounts of individual authors related to the identity of those which reside within the confides of both Asia, and parts of the Near East” √√ —> Referred to as “text” which has a philosophical meaning beyond its literal meaning
      -“This identity marker is man-made”√√
      -“t is as if the influence of the Occident enables the discourse around what the Oriental is, acknowledging the Oriental with a certain lack of understanding.”√√
      -“reminiscent of the “us” vs. “them” “√√ –> This is a very well-known tactic in systems of oppression. There must exist an “us” and as Said puts it the “Other”, so to define boundaries of power.
      -“sensationalizeD fabrications”√√
      “with viewing the Oriental demographic “–> Keep on mind that orient versus occident is a made-up concept. We need to question what “orient” exactly is.

  6. Question 1:
    Orientalism when growing up was a term to define anything considered to be from or represent “Asian” culture and by “Asian” it was meant to represent things from or pertaining to China, Japan, Kora, Vietnam, Laos, Philippines, Cambodia, and Thailand. Reading Edward Saeed’s introduction to his book Orientalism. I did not know that term originally meant to define the Arab and Indian world by Europe and The West. (I always wondered why Agatha Christie’s Murder on the Orient Express title came from since it was set in Turkey and Eastern Europe.) Edward explains how the term Orient had been used in various ways to describe and define the part of the world we today would call the middle east. That term has also applied to describe India and parts of central Asia. Thow no nation or culture has ever described itself as Oriental. The term has been used to create a standard image of a place that can encompass many nations and millions of people. The imagery invoked by the term is also not based in a reality but that of an exotic fantasy of the place. The idea of the Orient was expanded upon by colonial powers as a way to validate their expansion. Today the generalized idea of what is Orient is still affecting our ideas views of that part of the world.

    Question 2:
    When looking as Cardi B video “Bodack Yello.” You can see how a generalized image of Dubai, UAE is portrayed. Cardi B has no connection to this culture or that area of the world but still draws from the romanticized imagery of the Orient. From the opening shots of her on a camel in “Arab” garb to singing next to a cheetah to bein shot with a table covered in money and diamonds. All of the imagery is meant to reinforce the idea of Dubai being a place of luxury and wealth, with a sense of mystery and exoticism. That idea of Dubai definitely used by foreign and domestic organizations to market the city to the world. But all this imagery and ideas of what this place is does not come from the place, but from the foreigner wanting to find that fantasy in a place.

    Question 3.
    After understanding Edward Saeed definition of Orientalism. I rewatched over the weekend 1999’s ” The Mummy.” I was able to see how all the main characters were portrayed as heroic or studious and came from a rational world were either British or American. Secondary characters who are suppose to be Egyptian or Arab were portrayed as uneducated or superstitious. For large portions of the film, the local Arab community is used as props. In one scene, in particular, I felt the influence of Orientalism could be felt particularly hard. After the main hero group had lost most of their supplies they come to a local town to buy what they need. The female character has lost her “proper” clothing so a group of fully garb Egyptian women, give her a makeover. She is given a sheer black dress with see threw vail and gold accessories. This makeover transformers her from the studious librarian to the exotic Egyptian girl. When this happens the main male character is now allowed to lust after her as an exotic plaything.

    1. Very good work Warren! I am highlighting some of your writing with some notes.
      -“Edward explains how the term Orient had been used in various ways to describe and define the part of the world we today would call the middle east.”
      -“The idea of the Orient was expanded upon by colonial powers as a way to validate their expansion.”
      -“romanticized imagery of the Orient”–> Interesting to look into reasons of this.
      -“The imagery invoked by the term is also not based in a reality but that of an exotic fantasy of the place.”—> Not to forget that there is a reason for this: There needs to be a place to project the suppressed fantasies into.
      -“That idea of Dubai definitely used by foreign and domestic organizations to market the city to the world.”—> This is definitely true. This also undermines the complexity of the culture which has financially flourished in the past few decades.
      -You brought up a great example with “Mummy”, which has a long history in Hollywood. Very good work Warren.

    2. Hi Warren- I actually connected with your post. Since as far back as I can remember I also thought the words orientalism and Asian were specific China, Japan, Kora, Vietnam, Laos, Philippines, Cambodia, and Thailand (Paraphrasing). I never knew or would ever imagine that this was meant to define or stereotype the Arab, Muslim world. It was interesting to read orientalism and now see the connection in movies & music videos.

  7. Edward Saeed’s Introduction to Orientalism describes one of its main points as the Anglo, French, and American experience of the orient. Before World War II, the orient included the Arab and Muslim lands, but afterwards the areas considered the orient have expanded further east. Orientalists, one who study the orient, do so in a way through their lens as a European looking in, and in a way that gives their own culture superiority and authority. It is a narrative, that speaks for the orient, and establishes social descriptions, theories, imagery, history etc. with a political agenda in mind. Inaccurate descriptions of the orient are then embodied within the culture for many years.

    Yes, I do agree that I can see the examples of orientalism in Cardi B’s Bodak Yellow, and why the video can be seen as controversial. In the American music industry, this has become a cultural norm. I do think some imagery stems from politically offensive roots, but the reason why it’s not more controversial within the video’s comments and fans is because many believe it is being used in a way that’s not offensive. If others can’t appreciate the beauty and art of different cultures, are the cultures supposed to be suppressed and isolated without being noticed out of respect? It’s clear this is a grey-scale issue.

    I found an old photo album recently when me and my sister helped my parents pack to move. Inside, there is a picture of my older sister dressed up as Scary Spice when she was younger for Halloween. She was singing into a microphone, and my uncle being a photographer who dabbles in fashion, did a great job capturing the moment. It made me so happy to look at, but when I showed my sister, she said OMG, you better not ever show this to anyone, they will see this as cultural appropriation. My smile faded. I just saw a child having fun dressing up as their favorite fictional character. I recalled a time in anthropology class talking about how it’s not ok for a child who is not from Polynesian decent to dress up as the new Disney princess Moana. I disagree, and think some people take cultural appropriation a little too far. Since most Disney princesses are European, does that also ban non-European children from dressing up as Snow White or Belle? I really hope not.

    1. -” It is a narrative, that speaks for the orient, and establishes social descriptions, theories, imagery, history etc. with a political agenda in mind. “–> well-put! But what is this political agenda?
      -“If others can’t appreciate the beauty and art of different cultures, are the cultures supposed to be suppressed and isolated without being noticed out of respect? It’s clear this is a grey-scale issue.” —> This raises a very interesting argument Melissa. So how shall we project accurate images of different cultures? Do we (so-called) westerners have authority over another culture’s image? This will be an interesting point to talk about in class.
      -” I disagree, and think some people take cultural appropriation a little too far. “–> Melissa issues of appropriation are nott mere imagery. These are power configurations of how the world works. These issues have to be raised and discussed, as they “directly” impact people’s lives. But it’s an interesting point and we’ll discuss this in class.
      -“Since most Disney princesses are European, does that also ban non-European children from dressing up as Snow White or Belle? I really hope not.”–> I’m glad you looked at it from reverse angle. I refer you to a book by Chimamande Ngozi called “Americanah”. You can also watch her short talk about the stories fed to the rest of the world in this ted talk: https://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story?language=en

  8. 1) Edward Saeed introduces his book “Orientalism” with his definition of orientalism and where it came from, which he like many people are against it. Orientalism refers to the representation of the Orient, which are the countries of Asia, in a stereotyped way where their lifestyles or personalities are not portrayed the way they really are. Especially the countries from the Middle East, which are commonly known for negative things such as terrorism and poverty and lack of improvement, this is orientalism.
    2)Cardi B’s video of “Bodak Yellow” is a perfect example of Orientalism, which has been seen in various occasions with music videos, especially hip hop ones, where the environment in these videos seem to be around Middle East countries where the artist’s are showing luxury and power in ways that only apply to wealthy people that can live like this. I dont think she used these images in a negative way they are just exaggerating a little bit and ignorant. As we can see her in the video wearing hijab without knowing the religious purpose behind it and people riding camels through the desert, she chose to use these things because according to the world’s take on the Orient these things are what represent those countries.

  9.  
    1)   After reading Edward Said’s introduction, I understood orientalism as this western perception of the Muslims and the Arabic world. It’s a stereotype. There is a lot of mystery, secrecy, power and seductive or sexualized woman tied back to the Muslim world.It presents an imagery of an exotic place or landscape. It also stereotypes the Muslim world in a negative light by either connecting it to power & violence or shows the Islamic world as beneath or less than.  I personally associated orientalism back to the story of Cleopatra: This dangerous, powerful and seductive queen. All the images of Cleopatra are Exotic, seductive, sexual and yet she is simultaneously depicted as a violent, dangerous woman. Similarly to Cleopatra the Muslim world is envisioned as an exotic place, portraying camels, deserts beautiful landscape but yet they are dangerous, violent and powerful.
    2)   Now that I have read about orientalism, watching Cardi B’s Bodak Yellow video was a direct example of orientalism.  She used the all the stereotypes and characteristics of how the Egyptian and Muslim world are perceived in her video. There were exotic animals.  She is riding on a camel wearing traditional Muslim woman clothing red bottom shoes.  Then the women are portrayed in a sexualized manner. There is also a depiction of power, Cardi B is as they would say “making it rain” money, also celebrating and drinking wine with many other princes. This video has a lot symbolism and representation of orientalism.

    1. -“I personally associated orientalism back to the story of Cleopatra: This dangerous, powerful and seductive queen. “–> Interesting example.

  10. 1. Orientalism is the source of the inaccurate cultural representation that forms the foundation of Western thought and perception of the Eastern world. According to Edward Saeed’s he discusses Orientalism, as the West’s patronizing representations of “The East”. Orientalism also refers to a representation of Asia, especially the Middle East, in a stereotyped way that is regarded as embodying a colonialist attitude. Today Orientalism is referred to as a style, artifacts, or traits considered characteristics of the peoples and cultures of Asia. We Westerners have a false misrepresentation of what the Eastern culture is really made up of.

    2. After watching Cardi B’s “Bodak Yellow”, I do see the connection between the video and what Said is saying about Orientalism. Both of these are exactly the definitions of each other. The video displays Cardi B in Dubai, UAE on a camel in a desert wearing a traditional headscarf with cheetahs which is a true fantasy being displayed. We believe in what we see through social media and through visuals that seem real to us. Imagery plays an important role here by we see the Middle East being portrayed as a land of wealth and luxury. This video is far from reality and is a true example of Orientalism.

    1. “Orientalism is the source of the inaccurate cultural representation that forms the foundation of Western thought and perception of the Eastern world”–> Great, but does “East” actually exist or it’s just a made-up concept?

  11. Orientalism is being stereotyped through television, films and media resources towards the Arab Muslim world. In the book Orientalism by Edward Said, describes orientalism a way of coming to terms with the Orient, that is based on the orient’s special place in European western experience (p.1). He describes the place as the richest and greatest colony because it carries culture and history throughout the region and that’s how I defined Orientalism. He also mentions writers, poets, novelists, philosophers, economists, and theorists who are considered the “occident”. Orient is described as having a lot of meaning towards history and tradition of thoughts, imagery and giving it a sense of reality through vocabulary for the west. I found it interesting that the orientalist women never speak about themselves through emotion and history therefore, the men would represent “her”. It gives a sense of how the relationship is between woman and man in their culture.
    2. In the video Bodak Yellow by Cardi B, comes off as stereotypical, based on how she is dressed in the cultural dress and the headscarf is portrayed as “exotic looking”. From what I know she isn’t from the middle east, as she is dressed in a headscarf can offend people in the culture. The imagery of the video when she is in the middle of the dessert on a camel, misrepresents the region. Also, the part when she is sitting next to a lion, is also misrepresentation how the Arab world is supposed to look like. Another point with the usage of the lion, is that the lion could put people in danger. In the music industry now it’s more common for music producers to use animals to entertain people. Till this day, orientalism is continuing to be shown throughout pop culture in America.

    1. “I found it interesting that the orientalist women never speak about themselves through emotion and history therefore, the men would represent “her”. It gives a sense of how the relationship is between woman and man in their culture.”–> Samantha I couldn’t exactly see where this part is going. Let’s discuss it in class.

  12. Orientalism according to Edward Said is the inaccurate, stereotypical way of representing anything related to the Middle east or the Orient by European and American culture.It is also the superiority that the west have over the east This can be dated back to the 18th and 19th century on the European and West mainly America. It involves the misinterpretation of the Middle East culture and the way they life their lives. Do to this, anything related to that region is viewed negatively or exotic.However this does not only apply to the Middle East but all the counties in the East.

    In Cardi B ‘Bodak Yellow’ the music video is a prime example of the Orientalism that Edward Said is talking about. Cardi b is wearing a hijab and a middle eastern garment which seems to be expensive a misinterpretation of luxury. Her clothing which has nothing to do with her nationality is something that is so common to see in other music videos. You also see her raiding a camel through the desert and in another seem with a cheetah something that to the west is viewed as ‘normal’ and ‘exotic’.This is a clear example of how the West view the East

    1. “This is a clear example of how the West view the East”–> Where does this imagery exactly end up? What does it mean? -Good work Carla.

  13. In Edward Saeed’s introduction to Orientalism, he trusted that there was an issue with the manner by which other individuals were studying and writing about his culture. He characterized Orientalism as a scholarly order, which prospered in eighteenth and nineteenth century. Orientalism is something that has molded the world. It has made the manner in which we see culture. It is an study of language and customs of the general population and their way of life in the Orient which consists of modern geographic territories known as the Middle East and Asia, commonly referred to as the Near East and Far East. These examinations are for the most part done by individuals outside of the culture that is being looked at, and for the most part the investigations are being performed by white western men.

    In the music video “Bodak Yellow” i do see the similarities with Orientalism. when watching the video you can perceive how a summed up picture of Dubai is depicted. Even tho Cardi B is not connected to the culture at all. She was able to fully dress in a green hijab in the desert riding a camel. Then she was dressed in a sexy outfit showing skin while sitting next to a cheetah petting it. She also had the wig on looking like Cleopatra. She also had dancers wearing those belly dancing skirts with fire on her hands. She was seen sitting next to this guy who dressed as a sheikh who was throwing money and diamond, drinking. All these symbols is to show how luxury and rich Dubai is. So yes this is a big example of Orientalism because she was using the Middle East cultures, their way of life and she was reconstructing it, not knowing what she’s doing like Saeed stated.

    1. “Orientalism as a scholarly order, which prospered in eighteenth and nineteenth century. Orientalism is something that has molded the world. It has made the manner in which we see culture.”–> √√√

  14. 1) In “Orientalism” by Edward Saeed, Saeed describes what the orient and Orientalism is. Orientalism is “a way of coming to terms with the orient that is based on the orients special place in European western experience.” In laymen’s terms, Orientalism is the stereotypical representation of a place/ culture, more specifically the Middle East and Arab culture. Saeed explains that Orientalism can be seen in a variety of disciplines including political, sociological, ideological and much more. I think it is important to highlight the part Saeed mentions that Orientalism does not specifically describe what is to be said about the orient but is to be looked at as an umbrella term that encapsulates all kinds of stereotypical and misrepresentations of the orient. Saeed also mentions that Orientalism was used as a way for the European culture to gain strength by setting itself off against the orient.

    2) After reading this section of “Orientalism” I re-watched Cardi B’s music video for Bodak Yellow. I do see a connection between what Saeed brings up in Orientalism, for example the way Cardi B represents the Occident is as a fashion statement. On top of Orientalism people using cultural garbs as a fashion statement has been brought to the attention with statements like “my culture is not your prom dress.” In Bodak Yellow, Cardi B is seen wearing a green Hijab and riding a camel in the middle of the dessert. I felt the music video was extremely flashy and used Orientalism as an aesthetic which is a poor representation of the culture. I am not that familiar with the culture as well but I do know that wearing hijab has a deeper meaning and to wear it loosely as a fashion statement is an example of Orientalism.

    1. Great work Rachel.
      -“Saeed mentions that Orientalism does not specifically describe what is to be said about the orient but is to be looked at as an umbrella term that encapsulates all kinds of stereotypical and misrepresentations of the orient. “–> Absolutely. Keep in mind that the term “orient” in itself is a construct.

  15. 1) Edward W. Said, in Orientalism, starts off describing the history and origin of Orientalism. He claims Orientalism is a way that it comes from its orient in European Western experience and that it defines “Europe as its contrasting image…”, however, this term is no longer used. In addition, those who describe or generalize the orient is considered Orientalist and therefore, is doing Orientalism. To further explain, Orientalism is a stereotype, idea and image set of the Orient that is used to identify the Orient caused by domination and power. The West is the one that has done by stereotyping the East.
    2) After rewatching the famous “Bodak Yellow” by Cardi B, I have seen the connection between the music video and Edward W. Said’s perspective of Orientalism. In Bodak Yellow, Cardi B publicly has the setting of the music video in the desert, which we can assume takes place in the East. She sets a stereotype image of Dubai by riding on a camel in the desert, she is dressed up in “Arab attire”, and in a scene is sitting near a cheetah. Cardi B doing this sets an image of exoticism of the Eastern Culture and their lifestyle. This is an example of the media trying to portray the image of the Orient, in their way.

  16. 1-Orientalism as described by Edward Saeed, is broken down into a few ways. He describes it as cultural expression and representation through the orient among Eastern associations as well as a style of thought based on distinction between Orient and Occident. In other terms however, it can easily be thought of as the mocking of culture and lifestyle of the people of the east, or “Oriental” people, typically done by people of the West. Saeed, expresses the idea of European superiority and for this European, and other considerably “dominant” groups, often adopt mannerism and practices of Asian culture which reflects forms of racism and imperialism. He also stresses that Orientalism can be viewed as an uneven exchange of types of political, intellectual, cultural, and moral power and could better be considered through on a macro/worldwide scale.
    2. Taking into consideration Saeed’s interpretation of Orientalism and then seeing Cardi B’s Bodak Yellow, clear examples of cultural imitation are portrayed through the 4-minute long video. A demonstration of Middle Eastern practices through American and Eurocentric connotations are shown and in tell prove the idea that Saeed emphasizes in his book. The importance here is the huge influence a character like Cardi B has, not only on the hip-hop/rap/pop fan-based community, but in actuality, all of worldwide media as well. The impression of Middle Eastern culture like camel riding, traditional clothing, and the use of hookah, through modern media could be presenting a very incorrect interpretation of the typical lifestyle in places like these. With that being said there is in fact a connection between this video and what Saeed what writing about. He specified the idea of Orient and Occident that can be easily applied to much of what we see today in the media and pop culture.

  17. 1. In the first 37 pages Edward Saeed talks about what orientalism is and how it is perceived in modern times/culture. He goes into detail as well on how orientalism is in the west and in Europe. The Europeans sort of divided themselves from the orients almost as a racist remark “a collective notion identifying “us””. Later on he gives his own experiences in America and how it is the a web of racism and cultural stereotypes. He also talks about the history of orientals and how it was during WWII and how it was written in texts. He mentioned how race was a giant aspect of philosophical ideologies as well as political ideologies.
    2. In the Bodak Yellow music video you can clearly see a stereotypical display of the arab culture. The green hijab and the camel riding in the middle of the desert was a clear example of what Saeed was depicting in the book. Just like he said you can see how America stereotypes the other races/cultures not themselves. It shows 2 different lifestyles one depicting the American culture of celebrity life and the other half showing the middle eastern culture and how they perceive it.

  18. 1) Edward Saeed describes Orientalism as a form of stereotyping asian or East Asian countries. Mr.Saeed describes how the “East” and Europe see these countries in Asia are seen as mysterious and savage in a way. They do so in a sense to have control or power over these countries. They use orientalism to hold these countries down by portraying these stereotypes in politics and culture. They use orientalism and occident to separate the both in a way.
    2)The opening scene of the beautiful city and the scene where the men are dressed up in white clothing with money all around them shows how the occident might be portrayed in these countries in a way. While, the scene with the camels crossing the desert and the lady whose barely dressed and is dancing with the sword on fire shows how the occident really portrays orientalism as more of a savage and mysterious way. The cheetah shows more of how these countries might be as “savage” or wild because these animals wouldn’t naturally be seen in their cities or kept as pets by the people. You have the men surrounded by money and women while sipping champagne while the only other woman (except Cardi B) who is shown dancing and barely clothed.

    1. ” They do so in a sense to have control or power over these countries. They use orientalism to hold these countries down by portraying these stereotypes in politics and culture. They use orientalism and occident to separate the both in a way.”–> Great point Kevin.

  19. Orientalism is construing Arabic people and their culture as exotic, uneducated and barbaric compared to western people. In Edward Saeed’s introduction to Orientalism, he defines it as “the basic distinction between East and West as the starting point for elaborate theories, epics, novels, social descriptions, and political accounts concerning the Orient, its people, customs, mind, destiny and so on.” According to Saeed, Orientalism starts from the European Enlightenment and settlement of the Arab World. The West construes the East as opposing values and inferior therefore in need of Western intervention and trying to instill their values onto the East.

    After watching the music video “Bodak Yellow” orientalism can be seen throughout the video. Cardi B’s music video shows her wearing a hijab and in the desert, riding a camel, along with a cheetah chained. Males are wearing a full white garment that is worn as traditional clothes in the Middle East which is all stereotypes of what the middle east represents, and Cardi B gave a whole visual of what the West thinks of the East. Edward Saeed was arguing against Orientalism using “Bodak Yellow” as an example and not only does Cardi B create music videos without any knowledge of what their putting out, other rappers can be named doing the same.

  20. In “ Orientalism” by Edward W. Said define orientalism as a misrepresentation of the Middle Eastern culture and how Americans and British portray it to be. According to Said, “Orientalism expresses and represents that part culturally and even ideologically as a mode of discourse with supporting institutions, vocabulary, scholarship, imagery, doctrines, even colonial bureaucracies, and colonial styles”. Orientalism shows the distinction between the East and the West and how they have their own theories, social description, and political accounts. Said also describe Orientalism as a western style dominating, restructuring, and having au­thority over the east.

    In Cardi B video “ Bodak Yellow” shows many examples of how orientalism is being portrayed in her music video. The setting of the music video is filmed in Dubai, and it shows how she is dressed in traditional Arabic clothing such as the green hijab. Throughout the video, she is riding a camel in the desert. Cardi B is trying to display wealth and luxury without having any understanding of Middle Eastern culture. This is a good example of what orientalism means because she considered a westerner and when people watch her video she’s trying to portray the Middle Eastern culture in the wrong perspective.

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